Indian Traditional Art - Tanjore Painting, Gond Art, Kalamkari, Madhubani Painting, Warli Painting, Batik Painting, Mandana, Miniature Painting
Indian Traditional Art
India has a rich and glorious history of traditional art. The beautiful and elegant sculptures of Ajanta Ellora Caves, Buddhist Palm Leaf manuscripts, the world famous Taj Mahal, the mughal and kalighat school of paintings. Indian paintings have always been considered exclusive and these focus on the daily routines of the populace living at that time. The traditional art forms even depicts the pictures of festivals, ceremonies and epics from Ramayan, Mahabharata etc and conveys some story.
Some of the Indian art forms that are even in much demand today are:
Kalamkari, an ancient and magnificent art work of painted fabrics in Andhra Pradesh. Masulipatnam and Srikalahasti are centres famous for their lovely, intricate and exquisite kalamkari paintings. The word was derived from ‘ Kalam ‘ meaning pen in Persian, and kari meaning work, literally meaning Pen Work (kalamkari). In this form of art a brush like pen made on a short piece of bamboo, shaped and pointed at the end to form a nib. The colors used in kalamkari are very few in number.
Tanjore (or Thanjavur or Thanjavoor) paintings have a very rich heritage and hails from southern Tamil Nadu. This style of paintings are known for their embellishment in the form of pearls, semi precious stones, kundan, gold etc. These are the fine artistic work that attracts. The paintings consists mostly of Gods and add beauty and culture to its surroundings.
Madhubani painting hails from the state of Bihar and also known as Mithila Painitngs, practiced in the Mithila region. This style of painting originated at the time of the marriage of Sita to Lord Ram when King Janak instructed the artists to do painting. The paintings were traditionally done on freshly plastered mud walls of huts, but today it is done on cloth, hand-made paper and even canvases. Madhubani paintings mostly delineate nature and Hindu religious.
Warli art originated from a small village in Thane district in Mumbai. These paintings have drawings that are different from other folk paintings as it does not depict mythology in their work. Earlier warli paintings were drawn with the help of rice flour with dark brown background generally made from cow dung. The warli paintings show the daily life rotine. These paintings have geometrical designs.
The Gonds are among the largest tribes in Central India, present in significant numbers in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Orrisa. The word “Gond” was derived from the Dravidian expression kond, meaning “the green mountain.”Gond art comes with a belief that a good image brings good luck and artists are rooted in their folk tales and culture. The Gonds paint their walls with coruscating depictions of local flora, fauna and gods, traditionally made on festive occasions. The artists create the painting by putting together dots and lines.